Learn How Waterfalls Are Formed !!!

People are drawn to waterfalls. Maybe it’s because of how a waterfall looks or perhaps the sound the waterfall makes. Couples consider waterfalls to be a romantic place even though it can be dangerous.  Ever wondered how waterfalls are formed?

 

 

 To get started :
1. Learn about how waterfalls are formed.

2. Learn how waterfalls are classified: There are four ways waterfalls are classified. 1. Volume: some classify waterfalls by the average volume of water which is in the waterfall. Inga waterfall (Democratic Republic of Congo) estimated volume is 25,768 cubic meters per second (910,000 cubic feet per second). 2. Width: some classify waterfalls by how wide the waterfall is. Khone Papering falls (Loas) is one of the widest waterfalls. The width of this waterfall is estimated to be 10,783 meters (35,376 feet). 3.Height:Some waterfalls are classified on how tall they are. Angel Falls which is located in Venezuela is the worlds tallest waterfall. It is 3,212 feet tall. 4.Type:Some waterfalls are classified as type.

 

 Type: Make examples of the type of waterfalls by using rocks and paint.
1.Plunge: Are waterfalls where water drops entirely in a vertical angel. The water moves fast and does not have contact with the bedrock.
2. Cascade: Usually a safe waterfall. The water slopes over a series of rock steps.
3. Block (classic or horseshoe): This waterfall is wider than it is tall. It usually covers the entire distance. Niagara falls is classified as a block waterfall.
4. Fan: Is a waterfall that gets wider the closer it gets to the bottom. These are also horsetails because the water keeps contact with the bedrock during its descent.
5.Horsetails: Is a vertical waterfall that keeps constant contact with the rocks that they flow over.
6.Punch bowl: Is a plunge that as it goes down it gets narrower.

 

 

 3. Do a demonstration: You need a large container, soil, 1 gallon water bottle without water, and some water. Place the soil on one side. Cut the 1 gallon water bottle without water to look like a bridge. Place it on top. Now just pour water on top of the plastic bridge. The plastic bottle bridge represents the hard rock. The soil represents the soft rock.

 

 

4. Visit a waterfall:  Do you want to see a rare wonder ?

Then come with us to Alamere falls. There is only one other waterfalls like Alamere falls in California because it is classified as a “tidefall”. A tidefall is a waterfall that flows directly into the ocean. This trail starts from the Palomarin trailhead and is a 7.5 mile round trip. On this trail you will come across two lakes which are surrounded by green lush vegetation, two waterfalls that are very different from each other. The first waterfall you come across is classified as a cascade and there is actually 3 of them which are 30 feet long in total. The second water fall as you head towards the beach is a beautiful tidefall that drops 40 feet to the beach below. It can get as wide as 25 feet  during rainy season. You will come to a sign that reads “.4 miles to  Alamere falls.” Here the trail becomes very narrow and you might feel as if you are an explorer on a quest to finding something worth seeing. Posion oak can be found on both sides of this narrow path. It is highly reccomanded to wear long sleeved shirts and pants to insure that your body is safe from contacting poision oak. As you venture out of the narrow path you will be able to see the beach from the distance. To get to the first waterfall you have to go through the first crack in the cliff which is fairly easy. Then you get to the 1st waterfall. Here you find people washing hands and swimming in the small plunge pool that looks fairly shallow. It is never recommended to stand underneath the waterfall because rocks and boulders frequently fall. You already feel the gradification for going this far to see the 1st water fall but the best is yet to come. Like most things in life the best things require some work. In order to get down to the wonder you have to go down a steep hill  to get down to the beach. To the left is the grand rare “tidefall.” Now you can sit back and enjoy the sound of the ocean and waterfall entwined.

Have fun 🙂

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